The metrics of measuring or appraising the effectiveness of higher education are vast and essential. Higher education is perceived as any post-secondary school education which aims at modeling students to be professionals in various fields of interest. In order to measure the effectiveness of higher education, specific variables are considered based on their roles and the influence they have on both students and the institutions. In this synthesis essay, identified are sources that provide in-depth analysis of how effectiveness in higher education can be achieved. Additionally, the sources show how difference variables are deployed in various higher education settings and how efficient they make higher education. Among the factors considered in this case include productivity, effectiveness, unit cost, and efficiency. With reference to the productivity, efficiency and effectiveness, there are various perspectives that influence how each of these properties of higher education can be used to measure the overall effectiveness of the education system. While different sources provide varying arguments regarding how effective higher education is, a universal element is considered in most of these sources. Technology is mentioned in various sources as a factor that influences the effectiveness of higher education. This synthesis essay seeks to agree while at the same time offering a different perspective since most sources are peer-reviewed and offer quality appraisal metrics regarding the effectiveness of higher education.