Criminal Justice Victimology

Criminal Justice Victimology

24). Victim facilitation takes place when victims unwittingly contribute to crime through their carelessness and other actions (Eigenberg amp. Garland, 2008, p. 24). The implications of victim facilitation are that it can be prevented more than other forms of victimology where victims increased their protections against crimes, and that the community and the police can work together in eradicating victim facilitation.Among the various solutions to crimes, neighborhood crime prevention programs are widespread where community initiatives and political funding and support for them are present (Hennig, 1984). Crime prevention refers to efforts to reduce victimization and to deter criminals from conducting their illegal activities. Neighborhood crime prevention programs are established to decrease crime rates and fear of crimes (Maxfield amp. Babbie, 2012, p. 94). Several examples of these programs are: (1) Neighborhood/block watch. (2) Neighborhood/Crime/Citizen Patrols. (3) Information sharing activities. (4) Anti-Drug programs. (5) Court watch program. (6) Security escort programs. and (7) Other target-specific programs (i.e. youth and education). These programs have differences in their particular objectives and activities, as well as their level of interactions with the police, but they all intend to encourage neighborhood participation in addressing crimes, to establish and strengthen strong police-community relationships. and to promote neighborhood cohesion (Hollander et al., 1979).Ever since different neighborhood crime prevention programs were implemented, various assessment reports from the 1970s onwards showed mixed results in terms of crime deterrence effects, community cohesion, and safety-perception levels. The paper intends to understand how civilian community members now perceive their existing or future neighborhood prevention programs. The research question is: Can the implementation of

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