It is evidently clear from the discussion that after the war in Vietnam, the country faced the Watergate scandals that led individuals to be insecurity, family disarray, environmental deterioration, and a growing culture of violence. Bold changes therefore needed to be made in order to solve such fundamental problems but no party candidate had proposed this changes. In recognition of the behavior of the candidates, few voters were willing to practice their voting rights since they felt that the public officials did not care about their welfare and the president was not going to solve their problems. The society was troubled as only the electoral politics conquered television screens and press, and the acts of the presidents, Supreme Court justice, congress members and additional officials were treated as if they were the only individuals that composed the history of the State. The public leaders did not inspire the citizens since they cared about fulfilling their own political interests. Jimmy Carter’s presidency during 1977-1980, gave people hope since it represented the Democratic Party and citizens were hoping that it would recover the disenchanted citizenry. Carter’s leadership disappointed the citizens because despite the few gestures to fight for the rights of the poor and black people and the talks about human rights, he remained in the political historical boundaries of American systems, guarding the corporate power and wealth, sustaining a giant military machine that was used to drain national wealth, helping the U.S. with the right-wing dominations abroad. During the leadership of Reagan and Bush, various reforms were made in the tax systems but the greatest beneficiaries in the leadership were the rich in the society. Zinn et al. argues that the range of the visions embraced by the contestants in all the major parties is bounded by horizons of enterprise and property, capitalist culture and believes that culture is intensely nationalistic.